On This Day - July 4th

Posted: 2018-07-04 09:17:38 By: hbr

• 1054 – A supernova, called SN 1054, is seen by Chinese Song dynasty, Arab, and possibly Amerindian observers near the star Zeta Tauri. For several months it remains bright enough to be seen during the day. Its remnants form the Crab Nebula.
• 1359 – Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.
• 1534 – Christian III is elected King of Denmark and Norway in the town of Rye.
• 1584 – Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe arrive at Roanoke Island
• 1609 - Samuel de Champlain discovers what was later named Lake Champlain in his honour; on Québec and New York border.
• 1634 - Jean La Violette founds Three Rivers with 6 arpents of land granted by the Company of One Hundred Associates; a fur trader sent by Samuel de Champlain, he begins to build a fortified trading post.
• 1696 - Military - Count Frontenac embarks from Montreal in a canoe flotilla with 2,150 men to travel up the St. Lawrence River to Fort Frontenac and mount a new attack on the Iroquois
• 1774 - Samuel Hearne builds Cumberland House
• 1803 – The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people.
• 1826 – Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, dies the same day as John Adams, second president of the United States, on the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the United States Declaration of Independence.
• 1849 - Four Montréal English newspapers support the Annexation Association; proposing that Canada join US if that is the only way to ease the commercial depression. Montréal, Québec
• 1855 – The first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, Leaves of Grass, is published In Brooklyn.
• 1862 – Lewis Carroll tells Alice Liddell a story that would grow into Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequels.
• 1892 – Western Samoa changes the International Date Line, causing Monday (July 4) to occur twice, resulting in a year with 367 days.
• 1892 – The first double-decked street car service was inaugurated in San Diego, California.
• 1893 - Tug of war team from Zorra Township, Ontario, wins world championship at the Chicago World Fair.
• 1905 - House of Commons passes bills establishing Alberta and Saskatchewan as provinces.
• 1907 - Canadian pugilist Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires in one round to keep his world heavyweight boxing crown.
• 1910 – African-American boxer Jack Johnson knocks out white boxer Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match, sparking race riots across the United States.
• 1914 – The funeral of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie takes place in Vienna, six days after their assassinations in Sarajevo.
• 1950 – Cold War: Radio Free Europe first broadcasts.

• 1952 - Parliament passes Canadian Currency, Mint & Exchange Fund Act; allows gold coins of $5, $10, and $20 to be minted
• 1951 – William Shockley announces the invention of the junction transistor.
• 1995 - Music - Will Millar launches a lawsuit against his former bandmates in The Irish Rovers, best known for their 1968 hit The Unicorn; alleging that they conspired to oust him from the group and misappropriated royalties; the group had been together for 30 years; suit settled out of court. Vancouver, BC
• 1995 - Divers recover the bell from the ore carrier Edmund Fitzgerald, which sank on November 10, 1975 in a storm on Lake Superior with the loss of 29 lives. Whitefish Bay, Ontario
• 1998 – Japan launches the Nozomi probe to Mars, joining the United States and Russia as a space exploring nation.
• 2005 – The Deep Impact collider hits the comet Tempel 1.
• 2010 - Horse Racing - Queen Elizabeth II presents the Queen's Plate trophy to jockey Rosa da Silva in the winner's circle after "Big Red Mike" wins the $1 million race at Woodbine Racetrack
• 2012 – The discovery of particles consistent with the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider is announced at CERN.

Today is:
• Birthday of Queen Sonja (Norway)
• The first evening of Dree Festival, celebrated until July 7 (Apatani people, Arunachal Pradesh, India)
• Independence Day, celebrates the Declaration of Independence of the United States from Great Britain in 1776. (United States and its dependencies)
• Liberation Day (Northern Mariana Islands)
• Liberation Day (Rwanda)
• Republic Day (Philippines)

Its also:
• Jackfruit Day
• Caesar Salad Day
• Independence From Meat Day
• Barbecue Day
• Spareribs Day