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On This Day - July 9th

Posted: 2018-07-09 09:10:43 By: hbr

• 1357 – Emperor Charles IV assists in laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
• 1386 – The Old Swiss Confederacy makes great strides in establishing control over its territory by soundly defeating the Archduchy of Austria in the Battle of Sempach.
• 1540 – King Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
• 1572 – Nineteen Catholics suffer martyrdom for their beliefs in the Dutch town of Gorkum.
• 1609 – Bohemia is granted freedom of religion through the Letter of Majesty by the Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolf II.
• 1701 – A Bourbon force under Nicolas Catinat withdraws from a smaller Habsburg force under Prince Eugene of Savoy in the Battle of Carpi.
• 1749 - Settlement - Edward Cornwallis decides to settle the English colonists and build a town halfway up the harbour at the site of present-day Downtown Halifax; b
• 1776 – George Washington orders the Declaration of Independence to be read out to members of the Continental Army in Manhattan, while thousands of British troops on Staten Island prepare for the Battle of Long Island.
• 1789 – In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution.
• 1793 – The Act Against Slavery in Upper Canada bans the importation of slaves and will free those who are born into slavery after the passage of the Act at 25 years of age.
• 1810 – Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
• 1811 - North West Company trader David Thompson raises the Union Jack at the junction of the Snake River and the Columbia River, and claims the area for Britain;
• 1850 – U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies after eating raw fruit and iced milk, he is succeeded in office by Vice President Millard Fillmore.
• 1874 - First North West Mounted Police (NWMP) force of 318 men heads west from Fort Dufferin to the American whisky post called Fort Whoop Up at the junction of the Oldman River and St. Mary River near present-day Lethbridge, Alberta; abandoned with the arrived of the police, Fort Whoop-Up will serve as an outpost for the force; forerunners of RCMP. Pembina, Manitoba -
• 1877 – The inaugural Wimbledon Championships begins.
• 1900 – The Governor of Shanxi province in North China orders the execution of 45 foreign Christian missionaries and local church members, including children.
• 1922 – Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds breaking the world swimming record and the 'minute barrier'.
• 1947 - Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Princess Elizabeth to Royal Navy Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, a member of the Greek royal family.
• 1955 – The Russell–Einstein Manifesto calls for a reduction of the risk of nuclear warfare.
• 1960 - Roger Woodward survives 162 foot plunge over the Horseshoe Falls because he is wearing a lifejacket; his first word when rescued is "gosh"; picked up by a "Maid of the Mist" tourist boat, he suffered only a slight concussion and spent three days in hospital; the 7-year-old was a passenger in a boat with his sister Deanne and 40-year-old family friend Jmes Honeycutt when their motor failed; Deanne was rescued, but Honeycutt drowned; Roger is the first person to go over Niagara Falls by accident and live. Niagara Falls, Ontario
• 1988 - Music - Bryan Adams holds concert before record 30,000 person crowd in Lisbon; joined by British singer Bonnie Tyler singing 'Straight From the Heart'
• 1993 – The Parliament of Canada passes the Nunavut Act leading to the 1999 creation of Nunavut, dividing the Northwest Territories into arctic (Inuit) and sub-arctic (Dene) lands based on a plebiscite.
2010 - Politics - Stephen Harper announces that legal scholar David Johnston will serve as Canada's next Governor General. Ottawa,

It's also:
• Arbor Day (Cambodia)
• Constitution Day (Australia)
• Constitution Day (Palau)
• Constitutionalist Revolution Day (São Paulo)
• Day of the Employees of the Diplomatic Service (Azerbaijan)
• Independence Day, celebrates the declaration of independence of the United Provinces of South America by the Congress of Tucumán in 1816. (Argentina)
• Independence Day, celebrates the independence of South Sudan from Sudan in 2011.